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1st December 1899 (131 Years)
Eileen Agar, British painter and photographer associated with the Surrealist movement, was born.
1st December 1913 (117 Years)
Henry Ford instituted moving assembly line.
1st December 1916 (114 Years)
Charles de Foucauld, French Catholic religious and priest living among the Tuareg in the Sahara in Algeria, dies.
1st December 1955 (75 Years)
Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white person.
1st December 1955 (75 Years)
A black woman, Rosa Parks, is arrested by police in Montgomery, Alabama, after refusing to give up her seat on the bus to a white person. 60 years.
1st December 1990 (40 Years)
Channel Tunnel sections started from the United Kingdom and France meet 40 metres beneath the seabed.
2nd December 1814 (216 Years)
The Marquis de Sade, the French aristocrat, writer and philosopher known for his perverse sexual preferences and violent erotica from which the term 'sadism' is derived, died.
2nd December 1859 (171 Years)
Georges Pierre Seurat, the French post-Impressionist painter noted for innovative usage of colour and drawing media, was born.
2nd December 1863 (167 Years)
Charles Ringling, American circus owner, is born.
2nd December 1891 (139 Years)
Wilhelm Heinrich Otto Dix, a German painter and printmaker, famous for his ruthless and harshly realistic depictions of Weimar society and the brutality of war, was born in Gera (south of Leipzig).
2nd December 1918 (112 Years)
Edmond Rostand, French poet and playwright, died.
2nd December 1923 (107 Years)
Maria Callas, Greek-American soprano and one of the most influential opera singers of the 20th century was born in New York.
2nd December 1946 (84 Years)
Gianni Versace, Italian fashion designer and founder of Gianni Versace S.p.A., an international fashion house, is born.
2nd December 1950 (80 Years)
I, Robot, a collection of nine science fiction short stories by Isaac Asimov, was published for the first time.
3rd December 1368 (662 Years)
Charles VI of France was born.
3rd December 1818 (212 Years)
Illinois becomes the 21st U.S. state.
3rd December 1919 (111 Years)
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, known worldwide as a leading painter in the impressionist style, died.
3rd December 1956 (74 Years)
Alexander Rodchenko, Russian artist, one of the founders of constructivism, dies.
4th December 1892 (138 Years)
Generalissimo Francisco Franco Bahamonde, Spanish dictator who ruled over Spain from 1939 until his death in 1975, was born.
4th December 1914 (116 Years)
Rudolf Hausner, an Austrian painter, draughtsman, print maker and sculptor, was born. Hausner has been described as the first psychoanalytical painter.
5th December 1443 (587 Years)
Pope Julius II, "The Warrior Pope", great patron for the arts (he commissioned the rebuilding of St. Peter's Basilica andMichelangelo's decoration of the Sistine Chapel) was born.
5th December 1766 (264 Years)
In London, James Christie held his first sale.
5th December 1791 (239 Years)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian pianist and composer, died.
5th December 1830 (200 Years)
Christina Rossetti, one of the best-loved English poets, was born.
5th December 1839 (191 Years)
George Armstrong Custer, the American cavalry officer killed at the Battle of Little Big Horn, also known as Custer's Last Stand, was born.
5th December 1926 (104 Years)
Claude Monet, French painter and one of the founders of the Impressionism movement, dies.
5th December 1986 (44 Years)
Durham Cathedral is inscribed on the World Heritage List by UNESCO.
5th December 2013 (17 Years)
Nelson Mandela, South African lawyer, 1st President of South Africa, Nobel Prize laureate, died.
5th December 2013 (17 Years)
Nelson Mandela, South African lawyer and politician, 1st President of South Africa, Nobel Prize laureate, died.
5th December 2013 (17 Years)
Nelson Mandela, South African lawyer and politician, 1st President of South Africa, Nobel Prize laureate, died. 5 years.

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